Böblingen is a town in Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, seat of Böblingen District. Physically Sindelfingen and Böblingen are continuous.
Böblingen was founded by Count Wilhelm von Tubingen-Boblingen in 1253. Wurttemberg acquired the town in 1357, and on 12 May 1525 one of the bloodiest battles of the Peasants' War took place in Böblingen. Jorg Truchsess von Waldburg attacked a force of 15,000 armed peasants; 3,000 were killed. By the end of the Thirty Years' War in 1648, the population of Boblingen had been reduced to 600.
After the establishment of the Kingdom of Wurttemberg, Böblingen became the seat of an Oberamt (administrative unit) in 1818. The town was connected to the railroad network in 1879, allowing industrialization to take place. In the context of administrative reform in 1938, Boblingen Oberamt became Böblingen Landkreis (district).
During the Second World War the town had a Luftwaffe airbase and military barracks. On September 1, 1939 (the day the war began) the airbase was the home station for the I/JG 52 (1st Group of the Jagdgeschwader 52) flying the Bf109 E-1 fighter aircraft.
On the night of October 7, 1943 during World War II, Allied air forces dropped 408 incendiary bombs and 35 high explosive bombs killing 20 men, 12 women, 12 children and wounding 200 people. 1,735 people lost their homes and 70 percent of the old town was destroyed. In July 1944 another attack followed, killing 36 more civilians.
There is a U.S. military base called Panzer Kaserne (translated as Tank Barracks), which serves as headquarters for Marine Corps Forces, Europe (MARFOREUR) since 1993 as well as Marine Corps Forces, Africa (MARFORAF) since 2008. This was a former German military installation during the Second World War.
The Evangelist parish church at the market place is the landmark of the city. The church was destroyed in the Second World War and rebuilt again after the war.
Several fairs around the marketplace/Schlossplatz and the lakes (e.g. Town fair „Böblinger Jahrmarkt“ in July, wine festival in September and Christmas Market in December).
Since 1996: every year “Böblinger Sommer am See” (lit. Summer at the lake) from June to September. There are over 60 events (e.g. concerts, flea market) taking place around the two lakes in Böblingen.
The Böblingen/Sindelfingen area is the location of several large enterprises:
* Agilent (Electronic Test and Measurement)
* Avago Technologies (Semiconductors)
* Daimler AG (Automobiles)
* Hewlett-Packard (Computers, Software and Services)
* IBM (Computers, Software and Services)
* NXP (Semiconductors)
* Philips (Medical Monitors)
* Verigy (Semiconductor Test)
* Softpro (Electronic Signature Verification)
Böblingen/Sindelfingen can be called a center of both automobile and computer industries. Daimler develops and manufactures its Mercedes brand of luxury cars here.
Hewlett-Packard (and its offsprings) and IBM develop computer systems, software and electronic products in the area. Böblingen was once also a major center of European computer manufacturing, with an IBM semiconductor and printed circuit board lab and an HP computer systems manufacturing operation. Most of those electronics-production sites have either been closed or moved to other locations (such as nearby Herrenberg).